Ayodhya case: Documents of history whose foundations are based on judgment

Ayodhya case
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Ayodhya case: The Supreme Court on Saturday referred to several books and documents in its 1045-page historical verdict of Ram Janmabhoomi and the Babri Masjid dispute. After the decision number 929 page has been added an addenda of 116 pages which we can call the appendix or part of the purpose for giving more information.

In these pages, the books and documents are mentioned in detail which were presented during the hearing on behalf of a party in their argument.

After all, what are these books or documents, who are their authors and what is mentioned in them?

The decision, which contains more than a thousand pages, refers to the Greater Dharmottara Purana, according to which one of the seven holy places is Ayodhya.

According to, "Ayodhya Mathura Maya Kashi's Chi Hmvantika Puri Dwaravati Chaiv Saptayata Mokshdika:"
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According to the verdict, Ram was born in Ayodhya in the evidence or arguments presented in his favor, mentioning the Ayodhya Mahatma of Valmiki composed by Ramayana and 'Vaishnava section of Skanda Purana'.

According to the Ramayana (composed before Mahabharata and Srimad Bhagavadgita), Ram was born in the palace of King Dasaratha and his mother's name is Kaushalya. The court has held that the exact place of birth is not stated in the Ramayana.

A historian who appeared in court described the time of Ramayana's creation from 300 to 200 BC.

Skanda Purana was written in the eighth century. According to this, the birth of Ram is similar to salvation, and it also states the exact place of birth of Ram.

The exact location of Ram's birth is described in the Ayodhya Mahatmaya of this Purana. Accordingly, the birth place of Ram is east of Vigneshwar, north of Vishishtha and west of Lomesh.

The court had said that Ayodhya Mahatmaya of Skanda Purana has been made the basis for identifying the place of Ram Janmabhoomi. According to four historians, it was created in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The court rejected the historians' argument.

Several evidences were presented in the court to confirm what was written in the Ayodhya Mahatmaya of Skanda Purana.

Swami Avimukteswarand Saraswati had laid the foundation of Ayodhya Mahatma during the procession. He had said that he had seen the big place, the Nageshwar Nath temple, the ashram of Lomesh Rishi, Vignesh Pindarak (both of these are names of places but not places) and Vashisht Kund.

However, opposition to the Muslim parties advocate Dr. Rajiv Dhawan had said that on the basis of Skanda Purana, the birth place of Ram was identified largely on the basis of the report of the historians presented on May 13, 1991.
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It is also in this perspective that Tulsidas' Ramcharit Manas is mentioned, which was written in 1631 (1574-75 AD).

According to one of his chapters Balakand, Vishnu had said that he would be born in Koshalpuri as the son of Kaushalya and Dashrath.

Hans T. Baker's book is mentioned in several places in the court's ruling. In 1984, Baker gave his dissertation on Ayodhya at Groningen University. It was published in 1986 in the form of a book.

It has maps of Ram Janmabhoomi, Babri Masjid and other important places (built between 1980 and 1983). In this book, Ayodhya Mahatma is also the basis for many places.

According to Hans Becker, Ayodhya may be a fictional place only in fiction, but in reality it has no place.

According to him, in order to ascertain the truth of this place, one has to know about the history up to the second century BC.

Becker himself read many books and wrote that in the Gupta period a place named Ayodhya was identified and it is mentioned in the universe Purana and also in Raghuvansh of Kalidasa.

It also states that according to a copper plate of 533-534 CE, "a person named Ayodhya" is mentioned.
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During the reign of Akbar, Abul Fazal created the Ain-i-Akbari, which mentions the smallest things related to administration.

Abul Fazal used to be a minister in Akbar's court, and in the 16th century the writing of this in Persian was completed.

In its second section, the "province of Awadh" refers to the largest cities of India and holy places for Hindus. Accordingly, Awadh has been described as the abode of Ramachandra who lived here in the Treta era.

This book details nine incarnations of God (Lord Vishnu), of which one is spoken of "Ram Avatar". According to this, Rama was born in the house of Dasaratha and Kaushalya in Ayodhya on the ninth day of the month of Chaitra in the Treta Yuga.

William Finch visited India between 1610 and 1611.

The remnants of Ramchandra's palaces and houses are mentioned in his travelogue "Early Travels in India".

Citing the travel story of Montgomery Martin and Joseph Tiefenthaler (European missionaries), an Anglo-Irish officer who traveled to India in the 18th century, it is said that Hindus on the disputed land used to worship the kitchen, paradise door and Ram swing.

Accordingly, a large number of people used to circulate the land here before 1856, before Awadh joined British rule.

An English translation of Joseph Tiefenthaler's travelogue was presented in court. According to this, Aurangzeb won a fort named Ramkot and then erased it and built a three-domed Muslim temple instead. (Some people believe that it was made by Babar.)

But the pillars made of 14 black stones here were not broken and 12 of them became part of the mosque.
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The first Gazetteer published in 1828 was the East India Gazetteer written by Walter Hamilton.

According to this, Hindus were considered as a holy place and worshiped here. There are temples of Ram, Sita, Laxman and Hanuman.

This was followed by the second Gazetteer Montgomery Martin, published in 1838. It has written about Ayodhya in detail.

The Gazetteer of India was published in 1856 by Edward Thornton, who wrote in detail about Awadh.

One of the books presented to the court is Hadith-e-Sehba, published in 1856 by Mirza Jan. It mentions Sita's kitchen near the place of Ram's birth.

According to this, in 923 Hijri (1571), Babar built a large mosque under the supervision of Syed Musa Ashikan
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In the section of the evidence, there is a report of the November 28, 1858 report of Sheetal Dubey, the police station of Awadh, according to which in 1858 there was communal tension.

In his report, "mosque" is called "mosque birth place".

In the year 1870, the government published a historical picture of Faizabad Tahsil.

The report, created by P. Carnegie, the Official Commissioner and Settlement Officer of Ayodhya and Faizabad, states that "Ayodhya has the same importance for Hindus as Mecca for Muslims and Jerusalem for Jews.

His report states that in 1528, Emperor Babar had built a mosque at the place of birth.

He also mentioned the tension between Hindus and Muslims for the right to a place called birth place. He has said that people from both sects used to come here to worship.