Is really rural India free from open defecation?

open defecation

On 2 October 2019, PM Narendra Modi said, "Today the villages of rural India have freed themselves from open defecation".


When PM Modi said this, this claim was widely publicized. But some new things have emerged in this context in the NSO survey.

In the new survey of NSO 'Drinking Water, Sanitation and Condition of Homes in India' it has been claimed that only 71.3% of the households in rural India have toilet facilities. This claim is completely opposite to the government's claim.

However, it is important to mention here that the number of toilets has increased this time as compared to the July-December 2012 NSO survey.
open defecation
Then only 40.6 percent of the households in rural India had access to toilets. That is, an increase of about 30% in the last seven years.

According to the government, there are two steps in the ODF process of freeing open defecation.

First - to announce the local bodies themselves. Second- Verification on behalf of Ministry of Quality Council of India.

In this survey, the condition of houses with such toilets has also been told, some of whose members have never used that toilet.

Members of household 3.5% in rural areas and 1.7% in urban areas never used toilets.
open defecation
The survey of NSO was conducted between July and December 2018, in which quality, access and use of toilets of households in rural and urban areas were reported.

It is interesting that women in rural India used more toilets than men. In rural areas, 95.7% of the women used the toilet continuously, compared to 94.7% of the men.

According to the Swachh Bharat Mission, seven crore toilets were built from November 2016 to November 2019.

However, a new survey of NSO has revealed that more than a quarter of the houses in the villages are still far from the reach of the toilet.