OCI Card India: What is an OCI card, who gets it and why?

OCI Card India
Credit: The Cricket blog
OCI card is the name of a special kind of facility for Indian people settled abroad and having taken citizenship there. OCI stands for - Overseas Citizen of India.

Actually, many countries of the world have the facility of dual citizenship, but according to Indian citizenship law, if a person takes citizenship of another country, then he has to give up his Indian citizenship, there are millions of people who are in America, Britain Or have taken citizenship of countries like Canada but they remain attached to India.
OCI Card India
Credit: Daily motion
After leaving the citizenship of India, these people had to take a visa to come to India, taking care of the convenience of such people, in 2003 the Government of India made a provision of PIO card.

PIO stands for- Person of Indian Origin. This card was issued for ten years just like a passport.

After this, the Government of India announced the grant of OCI card in Hyderabad in 2006 on the occasion of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas.

Both PIO and OCI cards remained in circulation for a long time, but in 2015, four years ago, by ending the provision of PIO, the government announced to continue running the OCI card.
OCI Card India
Credit: DNA India
Who can get OCI?
The person must have either been a citizen of India before, or his mother or father had been an Indian citizen. Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan and Iran are some countries where people of Indian origin cannot get this facility.

OCI allows one to live, work and do all kinds of economic transactions in India, as well as any person holding OCI can come to India without visa. OCI card is valid for life.

According to the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs website, holders of OCI cards have all the rights like Indian citizens but they cannot do four things - 1. Can not contest elections 2. Cannot cast vote. 3. Cannot hold government job or constitutional post. 4. Cannot buy agricultural land.

People coming from abroad stay in India for more than 90 days have to register with the police, but the OCI card holder gets an exemption from this.

According to the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs, so far more than 20 lakh people have been issued OCI cards.