What is the story of setting up a detention center in Assam?

 story of setting up a detention center in Assam
A bench of Justice Biplab Kumar Sharma of the Guwahati High Court said in July 2008

 "Often people disappear after being declared foreigners, so the state government should arrange a detention center to keep them from here To be deported. "

At that time there was no separate system like Detention Center for people declared foreign. Following the court's order, the Assam government, in consultation with the central government, issued a notification on June 17, 2009 to set up a detention center in the state.

In this way, the first temporary detention center was established in Gwalpada jail and later three more were opened.

Senior advocate Hafiz Rashid Ahmad Chaudhary, who is fighting over half the cases of foreign nationals in the Guwahati High Court, gave these details while talking to the BBC about setting up a detention center in Assam.

He said, "Earlier, foreign nationals were incarcerated in jail along with common criminals which was not right on humanitarian level. Women declared foreigners were imprisoned with their young children in jail along with common criminals. The working people took up this matter a lot. After that, a separate cell was arranged for the foreign people declared in jail since 2011. It is the Detention Center or Hira It is called the Truth Center.

During that time, Justice Biplab Kumar Sharma ordered the deportation of over 50 Bangladeshi nationals who had acquired Indian citizenship by "fraud" and even become voters in Assam. This was reported by BBC correspondent Subir Bhowmick in 2008.

Discussion on the existence of detention centers
In fact, there is a political debate between the BJP and the Congress about the truth of a permanent detention center being constructed on 20 bigha land of Matia village of Gwalpada district of Assam. In order to prove each other false and true, the leaders of both the parties are keeping their say.

The whole debate started on Saturday at the Ramlila Maidan in Delhi after Prime Minister Narendra Modi's assertion that he had no detention center in India.

The Prime Minister called it a rumor. Whereas, the truth of the Detention Center in Assam is completely different from Prime Minister Modi's claim.

There are currently six detention centers in Assam, which are running temporarily in different central prisons here. These detention centers, ie detention centers, were opened for those who have been declared illegal citizens as per legal process.

These detention centers built inside Gwalpada, Kokrajhar, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Silchar Jail have 1033 people declared as foreigners. These figures are till June 25 this year and this information is from the Government of India.

Actually, Union Minister of State for Home GK Reddy gave this information in Parliament in July this year in response to a question asked by Congress MP Shashi Tharoor.

Senior advocate Hafiz Rashid Ahmad Chaudhary says, "Two types of foreigners are still being kept in detention centers. One is foreign nationals who came to India with valid documents such as passports and visas but after their tenure is over Neither have returned. There are about 35 identified foreign nationals who have admitted that they have come from other countries. "

"There are other types of people whose citizenship is questionable and they have been declared illegal citizens by the foreign tribunal. All of them are being kept in the same detention camp. No illegal citizen declared from foreign tribunal has admitted before the court Is that they have come here from outside. There are equal number of Hindus and Muslims among them. "

Undeclared life sentence


What difference did the prisoners there have in setting up temporary detention centers in jails? Responding to this question, advocate Rashid Ahmad Chaudhary says that it allowed only citizens declared foreigners to live in a separate cell, there was no difference whatsoever.

He explains, "Prisoners who commit heinous crimes get many facilities according to the jail manual. Punishment prisoners are allowed to go out of prison on parole, but that is not all for foreign nationals declared."

"The notification for the foreigners has been written so much that until those people are sent to their own country, they will be kept in detention center. Since this whole issue is related to Bangladeshi infiltration and Bangladesh to take them Not ready, in such a situation it became a life sentence. "

However, earlier this year, a single bench of the Supreme Court headed by the then Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi ruled that foreigners residing in the country could be released on bail if they spent three years in detention centers. Huh.

The condition is also that the person will have to provide biometric details for a secure database as well as a security bond of Rs 1 lakh from two Indian citizens as a guarantee.

Detention centers were built in Congress government
In 2009, when Detention Centers were created on the orders of the High Court, there was a Congress government in Assam headed by Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi.

On the issue of infiltration, Bhoomidhar Burman, who was the revenue minister of the Congress government in Assam in 2009, had informed the Assam Legislative Assembly that 'two detention in the state government standardization and registration for immigrants whose identity or nationality has not been established. Will make camp.

BJP leader Sambit Patra made a claim in a press conference on Friday

defending Prime Minister Modi's statement that there is not a single detention center in the country. He had said, "On 13 December 2011, it was said in a press release of the Central Government that 3 Detention Camps have been opened in Assam. In 2011, there was a Congress government at the Center.

Sambit Patra also said that 'In October 2012, the Assam government issued a white paper on the issue of foreigners and said that the Center has given us instructions to set up a detention center.'

Responding to these things by the BJP spokesperson, former Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi told  "In 2008, the judge of the Guwahati High Court, Biplab Kumar Sharma, instructed us to set up a detention center. The entire idea of ​​setting up a detention center was in the time of Atal Bihari Vajpayee's government. "

Former Chief Minister and senior Congress leader Gogoi claimed, "When Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the Prime Minister in 1998, the states and Union Territories were instructed to set up detention centers. The Union Home Ministry has all the states and union territories. Issued a letter to the territories (No. 25019/3/97-F-III dated July 2, 1998), suggesting that foreign nationals awaiting deportation Wagman should be open to this kind of detention center to restrict. "

He said, "In 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government approved Rs 46 crore to build a permanent and large detention center in Assam. With that money the detention center is being built in Matia of Gwalpada. You should not lie.